Page 36 - European Energy Innovation - autumn 2017 publication
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36  Autumn 2017 European Energy Innovation


CO2 Capture and Storage for
Inland and Shortsea Shipping

GENERAL INFORMATION                                            demonstrators as well as on a wider commercial scale.
CO2 is a greenhouse gas and is proven to play a major role     Carbon capture technology is a well-known application that
in accelerating the damaging effects of climate change.

International, European and national strategies for the        is suitable for large stationary power plants on land that use

reduction of CO2-emissions are being developed to meet         fossil fuels and it is technically feasible to scale down to the
the requirements of the Paris 2015 Climate Agreement.          size required for ships.

According to the third IMO Greenhouse Gas Study from

2014, shipping is responsible for almost 3% of global          However, the problem remains in meeting the high energy

CO2-emissions.1 CO2 – emissions from shipping can be           requirements of these power plant applications to capture
reduced to some extent through operational measures such
                                                               CO2 from flue gas. One possibility is to make use of the
as efficient steaming, or using alternative fuels such as for  unused heat which is currently under-utilized as an energy

example LNG. Still, the impact of such measures on             source on board. Such energy losses stem from the hot

CO2-emission reduction remains limited.                        exhaust-gases and under-utilisation of the cooling water
From 2017 onwards, seagoing ships that enter European
                                                               system. When gaseous CO2 has been captured on board,
                                                               it can potentially be liquefied and stored in cryogenic

seaports will be required to submit a CO2-monitoring plan      pressure tanks. In the case of LNG fueled ships, the
upon request and in 2019 the European Commission will          liquefaction of CO2 can be done energy neutral.

make the CO2-performance of ships publicly available. As       CHALLENGES
soon as this emission data becomes publicly available, it      The main innovative aspect is based upon understanding
                                                               the feasibility of designing and demonstrating small scale,
is th	e expectation that some form of legal CO2-emission

monitoring and management system for the marine sector

will sooner or later emerge.                                   highly energy-integrated and fit-for-purpose carbon capture

                                                               units that can be an economical addition to the range

It has become evident that methods for capturing CO2 capture of measures to reduce marine CO2-emissions. Further
following the burning of fossil fuels will need to be deployed opportunities for reduction of capital costs and hence

in order to be able to meet future emission standards.         increasing the attractiveness of capturing and storing CO2

CO 	Capture	and	Storage	for	Inland	and	Shortsea	Shipping	dCeaprblooynecda2ipntuvarerioteucshlnainqdu-ebsaaseredaplroewaderypbleainntgs,sbuoctcheasssfully
                                                               on board of a ship are based on standardisation and large
                                                               volume production.



General	Information	                                 

CO2	is	a	greenhouse	gas	and	is	proven	to	play	a	major	role	in	accelerating	the	damaging	effects	of
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