Page 41 - European Energy Innovation - Summer 2017 publication
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Summer 2017 European Energy Innovation     41

                                                        ENERGY STORAGE

demand and release it back into the       Smart Grids Interoperability Laboratories: The Smart Grids Interoperability
grid during high demand. Energy           Laboratories at JRC Ispra and Petten support the development of the EU policies
storage can also contribute to            by testing of the interoperability of the devices and systems that are part of the
stabilising the electricity grid, making  power grid.
it possible to ensure sufficient and
reliable supply while increasingly
reliability on variable renewable

In the future, energy storage is
expected to play a key role in
improving the security and efficiency of
electricity supply and in enabling the
EU to develop a low-carbon electricity
system by facilitating the market
introduction of renewables.

New energy production patterns
change the requirements for storage
facilities. At the same time, these
changes open up new opportunities
for energy storage use by contributing
to decarbonisation in the industry and
transport sectors.

Scientists at the Joint Research          technologies in Europe over the next       power system and market modelling
Centre (JRC) study the operations         five decades.                               project at the JRC.
of advanced energy systems and
technologies to understand future         “All short term and long term              Using these models, JRC scientists have
needs for flexibility and storage. The     operations need to be taken into           also demonstrated that more ambitious
JRC is using modelling techniques to      consideration to understand the            CO2 reduction targets with higher
assess different aspects of the power     future role of storage. In the context     shares of renewable energy would
grid, from individual storage units       of decentralised power storage, we         trigger the investment into storage
used by households to the long-term       have observed a growing number of          facilities.
developments within the entire energy     households that use battery storage
system.                                   to complement already installed PV         HYDROGEN FROM RENEWABLES
                                          panels. The question arises whether        LINKS THE ELECTRICITY SYSTEM
The JRC has developed a chain of          these self-producers will gradually        WITH TRANSPORT, RESIDENTIAL
models to assess future storage           become fully self-sufficient and            AND INDUSTRIAL SECTORS
needs. At one end of this chain, a        disconnect themselves from the             Hydrogen is not a primary energy
collection of models is used to simulate  general power grid. Using different        source such as coal or gas but an
the operation of centralised and          models, we have been able to show          energy carrier, similar to electricity. Its
decentralised power storage in the        that these ‘prosumers’ are unlikely        capacity to store and deliver energy
market context. At the other end, an      to disconnect from the grid but that       in widely useable forms makes it one
energy system model is used to study      they will underutilize it in the future”,  of the most promising alternative
long term energy pathways within          explains Andreas Zucker, leader of the     fuels for future transport applications.
the entire energy system. With this
model, JRC scientists can determine
the required investments in energy
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