Page 48 - European Energy Innovation - Summer 2016 publication
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48  Summer 2016 European Energy Innovation


Energy efficiency in shopping centres:

comfort and energy savings

By Marine Faber and Roberta D’Angiolella, Buildings Performance Institute Europe

Sometimes seen as highly                  is 4.4%, meaning that this high rate     Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP)
            energy-consuming buildings,   creates a window of opportunities to     for mobilising investment in the
            shopping centres have though  implement energy saving measures.        renovation of the national stock of
            the potential to be energy                                             residential and commercial buildings,
efficient and reach the environmental      There is no regulation that specifically  both public and private. The directive
and energy goals of the EU. The retail    refers to shopping malls. In many        also sets inter alia a requirement on
industry’s size, reach and impact have    countries the requirements extend        Member States to ensure the availability
indeed a great deal of potential to be    only to some building types, usually     of efficient, high-quality energy audit
exploited. Demonstrating to policy-       just covering the residential sector.    schemes to identify potential for energy
makers the importance of having           For example, the wholesale and retail    efficiency improvements for all final
commercial buildings as a focus in the    subcategory are not included in the      consumers, including smaller domestic,
EU building-related directives is key.    official definition of “nearly Zero-       commercial and small and medium-
                                          Energy Building” in many countries,      sized industrial customers.
In Europe, the share of residential       such as Austria, Czech Republic,
building floor area is 75% while the       Croatia, Latvia, Portugal, Romania and   The European Performance of
non-residential buildings make up 25%.    Slovakia.                                Buildings Directive (EPBD, 2010/31/
Compared to the current renovation                                                 EU) requires all Member States to
rate of around 1% of the whole building   The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED,     enhance their building regulations and
stock in Europe (BPIE, 2011), the annual  2012/27/EU) states that every EU         to gradually shift from a perspective
renovation rate of shopping centres       Member State has to adopt a National     to a performance-based approach.

FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF MALLS (Source: calculation, TU Wien)                   3D simulation photo of the Modena centre

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