Page 41 - European Energy Innovation - Summer 2016 publication
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Summer 2016 European Energy Innovation       41

                                                  INTERNET OF THINGS

responsive acquisition of data along     track energy consumption patterns            A CHALLENGING IMPLEMENTATION
with increasing computing power          at the device level. By tracking each        The IoT is sometimes perceived as
enable smart production systems          piece of machinery on the floor,             more closely linked to consumer
to track energy consumption and          managers get granular visibility             markets, like to smart thermostats
optimise processes so that they adapt    into energy consumption, as well             or fridges. However, less than 8% of
and operate with less resources, save    as actionable insight about waste,           the households have a smart device
energy and identify waste of energy.     available efficiencies and more. A great     with energy-related functions. Such
This offers tremendous opportunities     opportunity for the IoT can be found in      penetration is low, and it may be
for our economy and society.             some specific application areas too.         explained by a difficulty for users to
                                                                                      understand the benefits of the IoT, or
IOT: A BIG BENEFIT FOR ENERGY            Smart Cities is one of the examples          maybe worries about installing sensors
MARKETS                                  where by using IoT technology,               in their house, for privacy and security
The IoT can bring significant benefits   the distinct pillars of the modern           issues. To unblock the market, the
for energy efficiency. At the level of   city (energy, mobility, buildings,           Commission has launched in 2016 a
the production of energy, smart grid     water management, lighting, waste            Focus Area on IoT under its Research
sensors can improve utility operations   management, etc.) will become part of        and Innovation Programme, Horizon
and performance by better monitoring     a structured, interconnected ecosystem.      2020. IoT Large Scale Pilots will be
the energy network, so that resources    IoT technologies, by gathering               funded to test technology, business
are allocated more precisely and closer  information that in the past was either      models and standards, and to test with
to the actual demand needs, avoiding     impossible or difficult to gather, will      real users how much they welcome
energy waste. At the level of the        enable optimize public transport (real-      the IoT solutions. Even though energy
consumption of energy, smart meters      time location, utilization), environmental   efficiency is not specifically targeted, it
can provide a wealth of information      data, noise, monitoring of waste             will be indirectly addressed we believe
that can help minimise energy costs,     bins, energy consumption in public           through one pilot dedicated to Smart
e.g. through fully automated billing     buildings, lighting, etc. Barcelona’s        Homes for Independent Living (with
based on time of use or network          Energy-Saving Smart Streetlights¹ is a       up to 20 Million euros funding) and
status, or enabling meter-to-appliance   nice illustration: sensors are installed in  another one on Smart Cities (with up to
communications to help consumers         streetlights, enabling automatic control     15 Million euros of funding). The pilots
change their behaviour to reduce their   of brightness by analysing the levels        will hopefully also give useful insights
costs.                                   of noise, air pollution, and population      as to what barriers may exist towards
                                         density. Result: at least 30% energy         a greater adoption of IoT solutions by
IoT will help industry to optimize the   savings per year.                            consumers, which could eventually lead
use of energy at all stages. It could                                                 to policy proposals by the Commission.
reduce the consumption of electricity    IoT technologies in Smart Farming
at peak hours by shutting down/          will bring Precision Agriculture and         But we find that the biggest
reducing the use of equipment and/       Precision Livestock Farming to another       opportunities are rather in the industrial
or production. Lighting/heating/         level: the use of water, fertilizer or       adoption of the IoT, including for
cooling will be improved depending       heating in green houses, in correlation      industrial machines, factories and
of the operational conditions, and/      to the climate or the harvesting             buildings. According to a study from
or the weather/time of the day. Taking   at optimum maturity will allow a             IDC², Smart Manufacturing is projected
advantage of advancements in device      more sustainable, productive and             to be the largest potential opportunity
connectivity, manufacturers can now      competitive EU farm sector.                  in terms of IoT spending. Consumers
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