Page 30 - European Energy Innovation - Summer 2017 publication
P. 30

30  Summer 2017 European Energy Innovation


The importance of integrating
energy and urban planning now

By Waltraud Schmid, Energy Center Wien, TINA Vienna

Many cities grow considerably and face                            NEW LOW CARBON SUPPLY OPTIONS
                    enormous pressure to provide new homes,       Technological, economic and regulatory changes make
                    jobs and infrastructure. Annual population    more low-carbon solutions possible. Also, in a few years
                    growth rates of 1.5-2.5% mean that in bigger  from now, nearly zero-energy buildings will become the
cities areas the size towns of 30.000 inhabitants have to         standard. They will need considerably less energy, might
be built or refurbished each year. All these new buildings        even produce energy. This will offer new possibilities to
and infrastructure impact the energy and CO2 performance          supply city quarters with decentralised energy options,
of 2050 and thus should already contribute to long-term           using on-site renewable energies or low-exergy district
decarbonisation as committed to in the Paris Agreement.           heating & cooling grids, etc. Electricity will generally gain
But short-term investment decisions widely favour natural         importance and - with the expected shift to e-mobility – will
gas as heat supply.                                               bring energy and mobility issues close together. Differences
                                                                  in availability of on-site renewables are also a spatial
Ambitious large-scale urban developments such as                  dimension.
Stockholm Royal Seaport, Vienna Aspern Seestadt, Berlin
Adlerhorst or Paris Clichy-Batignolles show the direction.        GRID OR NO GRID IS THE QUESTION FOR PLANNING
Their common lesson: the more ambitious the development           Supplying a single building with energy is not an urban
projects, the more important is it to plan and develop            planning issue. But in dense urban areas, grid-connected
projects in an integrated manner – infrastructure, energy         energy supply options are common and those require
and mobility – and to include energy supply considerations        public planning for economic reasons and because it
at an early stage. But public authorities’ competences for        concerns public space and infrastructure. Thus possible
long-term energy planning got locally often lost with the         energy supply alternatives need to be discussed at a very
liberalisation of the energy markets in the EU.                   early planning stage to decide if and what kind of grid-
                                                                  connected energy infrastructure should be foreseen. Again
With the URBAN LEARNING project, the cities of                    there is a spatial dimension to energy planning.
Amsterdam, Berlin, Paris, Stockholm, Vienna, Warsaw,
Zaanstad and Zagreb joined forces to raise the profile            THE URBAN LEARNING AGENDA
for long-term energy planning in their cities and beyond.         In the participating cities bits and pieces towards integration
Furthermore, they work towards integrating energy planning        of energy and urban planning exist already though not
and urban planning and to share their ways forward                yet incorporated into the standard governance processes.
with other cities. Co-funded by the EU’s Horizon 2020             URBAN LEARNING offers the external stimulus to dedicate
programme, it’s focus is on the governance for planning and       time and resources in each city and across the participating
development of urban quarters and sites in cities. Why?           cities to analyse

Vienna’s large urban development project 'Vienna Lakeside aspern'

© Wien 3420 Aspern Development AG.

   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35