Page 23 - European Energy Innovation - Spring 2017 publication
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Spring 2017 European Energy Innovation         23


builds and retrofit options for the
existing fleet are evaluated and their
impact on the ship is noted. Emissions
reduction, performance impacts,
weight, cost and size, along with
knock-on effects such as reduced cargo
capacity are accounted for.

Theme 2 investigates the plausible         Figure 2: SCC consortium
future developments of international
trade and resource availability to
produce a suite of global scenarios
for shipping. In doing so assesses
the direct and indirect impacts of
climate change on shipping. The
framing of particular decarbonisation
pathways will inform how future
energy commodities might be
traded in scenarios exploring future
sea trade. Regarding non-energy
commodities, a workshop discussed
how socioeconomic indicators (such
as those contained within the shared
socioeconomic pathways) and
projections might be used to establish
future trade patterns. The findings
suggest that a wide range of scenarios
for trade and patterns of trade can be
envisioned, all interacting closely with
the evolution of the supply of transport
(ships and shipping).

Theme 3 develops tools and deploys         Figure 3: Cross-cutting themes in Shipping in Changing Climates project
them in combination with the work on
supply side energy efficiency (Theme       in the current market and in order       dependable operational improvements
1) and demand side drivers for the         to understand current levels of          and eventually weaning off from fossil
analysis of the different pathways         implementation of energy efficiency      fuels. l
(Theme 2) and how transitions can be       measures a survey was conducted
accelerated. The findings feed into        to which 270 shipping companies            Contact details:
a holistic system model (GloTraM),         responded. The survey sheds light          Dr Nishatabbas Rehmatulla
which has been in development and          on the type of measures being              Research Associate
refinement by the consortium since         implemented at the ship and                UCL Energy Institute
2010. GloTraM (Global Transport            company level. The survey shows            University College London
Model) is a socio-techno-economic          that in general the uptake of energy       Central House
model which starts with a definition       efficiency technologies is low and the     14 Upper Woburn Place
of the global shipping system in a         technologies that have higher uptake       London WC1H 0NN
baseline year (2010) and then evolves      have small energy efficiency gains at
the fleet and its activity in response to  the ship level and therefore not enough    Tel: +44 (0)203 108 5965
external stimuli (changing fuel prices,    to lead towards decarbonisation in         Mobile: +44 (0)7540 051942
transport demand, regulation and           the face of rising shipping demand.        Email:
technology availability). The model        Thus, decarbonising the shipping 
is underpinned by rigorous analysis        sector would have to be sought from
of the existing fleet, along with the      step change technologies as well as
economics of technology investment
and operation in the shipping industry.

The modelling is informed by
qualitative research into behaviour
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