Page 50 - European Energy Innovation - autumn 2017 publication
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50          Autumn 2017 European Energy Innovation


     1800   Biomass            Wind                                               In order to generate the roughly
     1600   Tide,	Wave	Ocean	  Solar                                              280 TWh from solar power and
     1400   Geothermal         Hydro	                                             under the assumption that solar
     1200                                                                         thermal electricity generation would
                                                                                  contribute between 15 and 20 TWh,
TWh  1000                                                                         solar photovoltaic power capacity
                                                                                  has to reach 235 to 240 GW by 2030.
     800                                                                          However, with a total installed capacity
                                                                                  of about 102 GW at the end of 2016
     600                                                                          and annual installations between 5.7
                                                                                  and 7.5 GW in the last three years, it
     400                                                                          will be difficult to reach this target.
                                                                                  New policies are needed to allow for
     200                                                                          annual installation between 9 and 10
                                                                                  GW over the next 14 years, which are
     0      2012  2014         2016    2018 2020    2022  2024  2026  2028  2030  needed to reach the target.
                                              Year                                The situation becomes even more
                                                                                  pronounced if one takes into account
Fig. 3: European electricity production until 2030 to meet the 35% RES target     the need to increase the renewable
                                                                                  energy targets for 2030 in order to
(Impact assessment) accompanying the    of electricity has to be generated from   meet the goals of the Paris Agreement.
proposal for the new Market Design      renewable energy sources by 2030.         At the moment the RES Directive
Directive [5] forecasts a share of 49%  It is estimated that the net electricity  recast is in the parliamentary process
of renewable electricity by 2030. 62%   generation will be around 3,400 TWh       in the European Parliament and the
of this renewable electricity share or  in 2030. About 1,000 TWh of this          committee for Industry, Transport,
almost 1,000 TWh is expected to come    should be provided by solar and wind.     Research and Energy (ITRE) has
from solar photovoltaics and wind.      Fig. 1 shows the development of solar     already voiced it’s point that at least
                                        and wind power needed to meet the         35% RES by 2030 are needed to stay
To reach the 2030 targets, up to 50%    27% RES target.


Dr. Arnulf Jäger–Waldau is a Scientific Officer and Senior Scientist at the Energy Efficiency and Renewables Unit,
Directorate C: Energy, Transport and Climate. He works for the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre, since 2001.
The assessment of renewable energy technologies, the effectiveness of their implementation, their integration into energy
infrastructures and the role of renewable energy for climate change mitigation is part of his work portfolio.

Since 1987 he works in the field of material research for solar cells and holds patents on semiconductor material
deposition for thin film solar cells and solar module design.

He has more than 200 publications in peer reviewed journals and conference proceedings ranging from materials
research for PV and solar cell development to market studies and policy evaluations for Renewable Energies. He is the
author of the European Commission’s annual “Photovoltaic Status Report”, which is published annually since 2002.

From 2011 to 2014 he was the Technical Chairman of the European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference (EUPVSEC) and
served as European Co-Chair of the 6th World Conference on Photovoltaic Power Conversion in Kyoto, November 2014
as well as Conference Chairperson of the E-MRS Spring Meeting in 2009 and 2013.

Dr. Jäger-Waldau was a Lead Author for Solar Energy of the Special Report of the IPCC on Renewable Energy and Climate
Change Mitigation. He served as a reviewer of the Global Energy Assessment Report (GEA) published in 2012 and as a
reviewer of the 5th Assessment Report (AR5) of IPCC published 2014. Since 2013 he is a reviewer of the annual Medium-
Term Renewable Energy Market Report of the International Energy Agency.

He serves as Academic Committee Vice Chairman of the Asian Photovoltaic Industry Association (APVIA), member of the
International Advisory Board of the Warsaw University Photovoltaic Centre and member of the Scientific Advisory Board
of the Solar Research Centre of the Bulgarian Academy of Science. From 2005 to 2013 he was a member of the Executive
Committee of the European Materials Research society (E-MRS).

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