Page 53 - European Energy Innovation - Winter 2016 publication
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Winter 2016 European Energy Innovation     53

                                                        SMART METERING

actuated flexibility. They will also bring
benefits to consumers in the form of
better products (e.g. flexible payment
schemes and new tariff models such
as time of use prices) and a range of
value-added (energy management)
services.Smart meters will also make
retail market processes (switching,
billing, moving, etc.) and network
operation more efficient.

SMART METERING DEPLOYMENT IN                functionalities that would include, for    This is mainly because the supplier
THE EUROPEAN UNION                          example, the possibility of performing     must get consumption/generation
The rollout of smart meters at European     remote operations, the capability to       measurements from any meter operator
level is, however, taking place at a        provide actual, close to real time meter   independent of its location, in the same
slower pace than expected because of        readings or the possibility to support     way that consumers must be able to get
varying cost-benefit analysis outcomes      advanced tariff schemes.                   their historic data after having moved
in different European countries, as well                                               to another location. The EG1 is now
as data privacy and security concerns.      INTEROPERABILITY OF SMART                  looking at these processes used by EU
Although the Third Energy Package set       METERS                                     Member States and how they could be
the goal that 80% of the consumers          The interoperability of smart meters has   aligned.
should have a smart electricity meter in    been a key issue since the European
2020, current estimates vary from 60-       Commission issued the standardisation      PRIVACY AND SECURITY
72% in those Member States that have        mandate M441 in 2009 promoting             Attitudes towards privacy and security
assessed the rollout to be economically     interoperability and security of           may vary across Member States, but
feasible.                                   the interfaces in the infrastructure,      all consumers will only be comfortable
                                            including those used by consumers          with access to - and use of - their
For now, 17 Members States have             to get access to their data. Both the      data if they are confident that their
decided on a full rollout with the          smart meter coordination groups,           data is secure and that their privacy is
minimal requirements included. Out          CEN-CENELEC, and the Expert Group          safeguarded. The public acceptance
of these 17 Member States, about four       (EG1) of Smart Grid Task Force set         is needed for a successful smart meter
have coverage of 80% of consumers           up by the European Commission              rollout.
or above. A few more are currently          have shown that standards are
between 30% and 80% and some are            available, but also that just selecting a  Unlike PCs, tablets or smartphones
between 10% and 30% ; eight Member          standard is not sufficient to reach full   – which may generate much more
States have just started or have yet to     interoperability. In the coming years,     personal data than smart meters –
start implementation. We are still far      the European Commission will follow        smart meters are generally ‘imposed’
away from the original expectations.        the implementation of standards            on consumers by industry policy and
                                            delivered by European standardisation      regulatory choices. Suppliers and DSOs
Cautious of the situation, the European     bodies. It will also analyse whether the   must, therefore, take the time to explain
Commission decided to use its Clean         European Standards for smart grids         carefully why smart meters are needed,
Energy Package to step up pressure on       and smart metering systems, as well        prove - through innovative services
Member States to rollout smart meters.      as the recommended functionalities         - the added-value they represent,
The revised directive requires Member       for the latter, are consistently applied   how they will benefit consumers and,
States that proceed with deployment         to ensure that they deliver the desired    crucially, how/by whom the data
to adopt the minimum functional             functionality and interoperability.        generated by such meters will be used.
and technical requirements for smart
meters recommended by the European          Currently, there is a need for             Setting up of some minimum
Commission. It also requires Member         a harmonised process for the               requirements for security at European
States who decided not to roll-out to       exchange and access to meter data.         level is crucial in this regard. l
periodically revise their assessment.
Finally, where smart meters are not
rolled-out, Members States shall ensure
that every final consumer is entitled
to have installed or upgraded a smart
meter equipped with basic common
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