Page 74 - European Energy Innovation - Summer 2015 publication
P. 74
Summer 2015 European Energy Innovation


Sustainable Aviation in Europe

By Raffaello Garofalo (pictured)

Transport emission are aviation’s growth while meeting separate mandate for biofuels in
rapidly rising - now environmental goals. aviation will be needed in the EU.
accounting for more
than 25% of EU total “EBB members offer EU – made At present three main types of
greenhouse gas emissions – they products, reducing greenhouse bio-jet are favoured to be used in
are projected to become the gases up to 85% compared aviation jet engines blended with
largest source of CO2 emissions to diesel. Europe can make kerosene (up to 50% - as this is
by 2020. Aviation is the fastest the choice of promoting the limit allowed by the American
growing transport modality both European growth and Society for Testing and Materials
worldwide with a projected employment by playing a leading – the globally recognized
growth of 4.5% annually up role in tackling climate change certification body):
to 2050. Considering that the adverse effects” - affirmed Mr.
aviation sector is responsible Raffaello Garofalo, EBB Secretary 1. Synthetic Fischer-Tropsch
for at least 2% of the global General. (FT) based kerosene
manmade greenhouse gas produced through high
emissions, the so-called “bio-jet” The amount of emissions from temperature biomass
will have an increasing role in aviation is set to account for up gasification;
climate change mitigation. to a fifth of global greenhouse
gas emissions by 2050. Keeping 2. Hydrogenated Vegetable
In addition to environmental this in mind, rather than seeking Oils (HVO);
concerns, Europe faces an energy a reduction of demand for
security gap, triggered by high flights, the EU should facilitate 3. Hydrogenated Pyrolysis
dependence on fossil fuels and promote the transition from Oils (HPO) produced from
imports and particularly diesel standard jet fuel to sustainable lingo-cellulosic biomass.
from third countries. Biofuels bio-fuel – for it is currently the
account for nearly 220.000 jobs only viable option the industry The large numbers of test
in Europe, proudly supporting has to significantly slash its GHG flights done worldwide - which
Europe’s green economy. In emissions in the near term. Such have utilized different biofuel
addition to reducing Europe’s sources of carbon abatement as: feedstock, biofuel production
imports of fossil fuels and cabin weight reduction, more processes, blend percentages
animal feeds, biodiesel’s main efficient flight paths, emission and number of engines powered
by-product - glycerin - replaces trading schemes are insignificant with biofuel - have shown that
harmful chemicals in food, compared to the potential of using biofuel for aviation is
pharmaceutical or cosmetics aviation biofuel. technically viable and can be
industries. environmentally beneficial and
In the longer term, i.e. between safe for all airlines operations.
Aviation biofuel can play a safe 2020 and 2030, the bio-
and effective role in world’s jet market is said to reach The European Advanced Biofuels
transport system. Lifecycle full commercialization, thus Flightpath is a European initiative
analysis confirmed that increasing bio jet production committed to supporting and
sustainably produced biofuels and utilization and implementing promoting the production
reduce carbon emission by advanced technologies to meet storage and distribution of
50 to 80 percent, compared the increasing demand for sustainable aviation fuels with
to petroleum, and should sustainable fuels. Shortly, in order the objective to reach 2 million
play a key role in supporting to satisfy the market’s demand, a tonnes of production and
   69   70   71   72   73   74   75   76   77   78   79