Page 47 - European Energy Innovation - Spring 2015 publication
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Spring 2015 European Energy Innovation 47


transport corridors shall also be vessels spend 50% of their time less NOx and 20-25% less CO2
equipped with sufficient LNG in SECA´s, (Sulphur Emission than formal fuel bunker.
and CNG (for vehicles) stations. Controlled Areas) thus having
A vital part of the proposal is the to use mainly low sulphur • In the long run, the CO2
adoption and implementation of marine gasoil (1% until 2015, emission needs to be
safety regulations with respect 0.1% from 2015 – Directive complemented with more
to storage, transport and the 2012/33/EU of the European energy efficient engines and
refuelling process of LNG, as well Parliament and of the Council of vessels, in order to comply
as the technical specifications for 21 November 2012). LNG is the with the EEDI.
interoperability between ships most promising shipping fuel
and boats and refuelling points alternative for vessels to meet • Japan´s transport ministry
for the LNG in maritime and these requirements. In addition, stated the adoption of LNG
inland waterway transport. the amendments to MARPOL fuel in maritime sector in
Annex VI – Regulations for the November 2011. And €
3. IMPLICATIONS OF THE prevention of air pollution from 6.2 million budget plan
DIRECTIVE OF LNG IN ships, which came into force 1 for 2012 aims to promote
SHIPPING January 2013, add a new chapter the development of safety
The European shipbuilding 4 to Annex VI on Regulations on measures for marine
industry is still a global leader in energy efficiency for ships (CO2 renewable energy. European
innovative technologies but is emission reductions) making RDI needs to maintain its
suffering from lack of demand, the Energy Efficiency Design global leadership.
as ship owners are waiting Index (EEDI) mandatory for
for clear indications as to the new ships and the Ship Energy • The enforcement of the ECAS
development of a future network Efficiency Management Plan (Emission Controlled Areas
for cleaner fuels. Shipbuilders on (SEEMP) mandatory for all ships for ships) zones in several
the other hand, lack resources in operation. European will additionally
for research, development and “push” LNG as an alternative
innovation (RDI) especially in the 4. OPPORTUNITIES fuel. Furthermore, there are
LNG technology. Many initiatives, 4.1 Environment concrete plans to introduce
as for example, Horizon 2020, LNG is the most promising SECA´s are emerging from
the North European LNG alternative shipping fuel short China, Japan, South Korea,
Infrastructure Project, the Clean to medium term for Short Sea Singapore and the US. The
North Sea Shipping (CNSS) Shipping but also for maritime impact of the worldwide fuel
project and the marine engine activities outside transport. The sulphur reduction to 0.5% in
project HELIOS, aim to prioritise experience gained in over a 2020 (or 2025) may have a
research, demonstration or decade of a small number of significantly bigger impact on
market-oriented projects for LNG ships has proven reliable the shipbuilding sector than
alternative fuels. technology. the NOx regulations, as all
ships sailing worldwide will
It is expected that the focus and • LNG reduces sulphur contents need to significantly reduce
development of LNG technology to nearly 0% thus fulfilling their SOx emissions.
will create opportunities for existing and future sulphur
European shipyards and the emission limits in sulphur • Both specific LNG and dual
equipment manufacturers, emission controlled areas fuel engines reduce NOx
considering that approximately (SECA´s) in the EU. emissions. A pure LNG four
10,000 ships are currently mainly stroke engine can reduce
used for European Short Sea • LNG fuelled ships emit nearly NOx emissions up to 80%.
Shipping and 5000 of these no particulate matters, 90% (Futureship 2011).

1 The EIB Transport Lending Policy states that lending for inland waterway, port, logistics and maritime projects are also prioritized in support of sustainable transport solutions.
2 Oxford Economics Report, 2014, commissioned by the European Community Ship Owners Association.
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