Page 46 - European Energy Innovation - Winter 2016 publication
P. 46

46  Winter 2016 European Energy Innovation


Winter Energy Package:
towards a battery revolution?

By Francesco Gattiglio (pictured), EU Policy Officer, EUROBAT (Association of European Automotive and
Industrial Battery Manufacturers)

    The long-awaited Winter                     the life of existing infrastructure, either
                Energy Package was              allowing deferral of investment or
                published by the European       entirely avoiding the need to make
                Commission on 30 November.      expensive investments in transmission/
    The jumbo-package (more than                distribution system upgrades.
    1000 pages and 8 new legislative
    proposals) includes several norms and       At household level, a battery system
    new legislation on energy efficiency,       connected to a PV or small wind
    energy market design, eco-design            generator can increase the percentage
    and renewables: more importantly            of self-consumed electricity from
    for battery energy storage, it finally      about 30% without storage to around
    includes an appropriate framework for       60-70%, optimizing efficiency and
    energy storage. However, the package        reducing the amount of additional
    includes also some worrying signals         power needed from the grid. Besides,
    for renewable energy sources. The           the batteries of electric and hybrid cars,
    European Commission decided to              as well as motive power batteries of
    establish a conservative 2030 target        machineries for material handling or
    for renewables (27% of renewables           ground support equipment, can also be
    in the final energy consumption) and        source of flexibility for the grid though
    substantially limits priority of dispatch.  demand response and aggregation.

    Despite these signals, batteries will       Overall, batteries can bolster Europe’s
    be fundamental to properly integrate        use of renewables, as well as its energy
    renewables in the future energy system.     efficiency, sustainability, independence
    Batteries can store energy from on-         and security. Despite technological
    peak renewable energy and release           advances, cost reduction and relevance
    it when it is more needed, in central,      of services offered by the four battery
    de-centralized and off-grid situations.     technologies (lead, lithium, sodium
    Variable renewable generation,              and nickel), battery energy storage has
    combined with energy storage,               so far been hampered by serious and
    represents a fixed generation capacity      unintended legislative barriers and the
    which can be valued on capacity             lack of an appropriate framework. The
    markets. Additionally, storage devices      proposal of the European Commission
    can compensate for the destabilizing        addresses most of these barriers,
    effects of variable generation on grid      recognizing the importance of battery
    stability                                   technologies and creating positive
                                                conditions for Europe to fully embrace
    Batteries can also offer grid support       the battery energy storage revolution.
    services like voltage control and
    frequency regulation, so maintaining        As EUROBAT, as highlighted in our
    grid stability and flexibility. These       paper on barriers, opportunities
    battery services improve the working        services and benefits of energy
    conditions and stress-resistance of the     storage, we believe that a first and
    grid, extending its capacity and making     very important decision is the inclusion
    it more secure, reliable, and responsive.   of a definition of energy storage
    Battery energy storage can thus extend      in the Electricity Directive: for the

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