Page 10 - European Energy Innovation - Winter 2016 publication
P. 10

10  Winter 2016 European Energy Innovation


How Intelligent Energy – Europe II
supported policy making and
implementation for the market uptake
of bioenergy in Europe

By Silvia Vivarelli, Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, European Commission, Emilio
Font de Mora, Innovation and Networks Executive Agency, European Commission, and Pat Howes, Ricardo
Energy & Environment

SYNOPSIS                                 •	 Unfavourable policy frameworks at      This article specifically focuses on how
The EU Intelligent Energy – Europe           local, regional and national levels   creating a favourable policy framework
II (IEE II) programme supported the                                                is enabling bioenergy uptake at the
market uptake of bioenergy in Europe     All of these barriers are interlinked.    local and regional level.
with EUR 48.3 million of funds from
2007 to 2013. A new report prepared      Since 2003 the Intelligent Energy         INFLUENCING BIOENERGY POLICY
by Ricardo Energy & Environment for      Europe (IEE) programme has funded         IN EUROPE
the Executive Agency for Small and       specific actions to address non-          A common challenge of IEE bioenergy
Medium-sized Enterprises (EASME)         technological barriers in bioenergy       projects has come from facing an
of the European Commission reveals       to improve energy sustainability,         unfavourable policy framework. Policy
that, by June 2016, the programme        support policy development and            makers at European, national, regional
triggered over 1.65 Mtoe of              implementation across the EU,             and local levels need to recognise the
bioenergy and saved 5.7 Mt of carbon     prepare the ground for investments        benefits of using biomass for energy
dioxide emissions, predominantly         and improve the capacity and skills of    production.
from heat production, and stimulated     European market actors.
over EUR 0.9 billion investment in                                                 Bioenergy has a number of unique
bioenergy. Those are conservative        Over the course of the second phase       attributes that make it an important
figures, and if potential data is taken  of the programme (IEE II, running         component in Europe’s short and long
into account then the achieved impact    from 2007 to 2013), more than 2.8         term renewable energy ambitions.
of the IEE II programme could be         million stakeholders were informed        Bioenergy can be produced in a
much higher.                             on bioenergy, more than 200,000           decentralised manner, makes use of
                                         attended IEE II events and 14,600 were    local resources and contributes to
A PROGRAMME FOR BIOENERGY                engaged in development meetings           local development. Biomass can also
UPTAKE                                   and site visits.                          be stored and used when convenient
Bioenergy is playing an important                                                  and the energy produced fed directly
role in the achievement of Europe’s      The programme contributed to the          into the gas and electricity grids.
2020 renewable energy targets.           development of 443 business plans         Significantly, bioenergy also requires
However, despite significant advances    and 1,536 feasibility studies, resulting  low capital investment to convert from
in technological development             in the concrete implementation of         traditional fuel sources. This makes
and innovation, a number of non-         236 biomass supply chains. IEE II         it an attractive option to deliver local
technological market barriers present    bioenergy projects have been linked       energy needs while potentially offering
challenges to the uptake of bioenergy    directly with the development of over     a rapid return on investment.
as a whole. These include:               400 plants across the EU representing
                                         over 165 MW, most of them as heat or      Policy makers have been involved in
•	 A lack of knowledge, skills and       Combined Heat and Power plants.           IEE II projects in different ways, such as
    confidence in biomass feedstocks                                               attending project events, participating
    and available technologies           The leverage effect of the IEE II         directly in project activities such as
                                         programme has been EUR 18.9               training, round tables, meetings and
•	 Insufficient mobilisation of biomass  million investment and 0.035 Mtoe of      study tours or being members of
    and underdevelopment of effective    bioenergy generated per EUR million       project teams or part of project steering
    biomass supply chains                of EU funding.                            committees or working groups.

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