Page 36 - European Energy Innovation - Winter 2014
P. 36
Winter 2014 European Energy Innovation


District heating on the way

towards a carbon neutral future

By Jari Kostama, Director, District Heating & CHP, Finnish Energy Industries

Finland is the European in Helsinki took place not before while population concentrates
Union’s coldest country. than in 1952. in growth centers and the new
Because of this, the ways of using district heating are
heating has always After the war, the district heating developed.
been central to the lives of Finns. spread to more and more places,
Without heating, it has been and so that now almost all the Finnish Finnish Energy Industries
it is impossible to live in Finland. cities and municipalities with announced about a year ago a
District heating was introduced to more than 5 000 inhabitants strategy for the district heating
Finland already in the 1930s. At have a district heating network. sector. One of the corner
that time, the first district heating There are about 500 district stones of the strategy is sectors
network was built for the Olympic heating networks in Finland and commitment to a carbon-
Village, which was intended for the total length of them is more neutral future. The target may
the year 1940 planned Olympic than 14 000 km. Last year about be challenging, but it is possible
Games. Well, then all that half of the country’s population to reach. The sector has already
happened, which happened, (over 2.7 million people) lived done a lot. For example, during
and the Second World War took in district heated apartments. the first 14 years of this century
place. And the Olympic Games District heating is still growing the sector built over 40 CHP

A waste-to-energy plant in Vantaa, Finland produces annually about 900 GWh district heat and 600 GWh electricity.
Source: Vantaan Energia, photographer Olli-Pekka Orpo
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