Page 15 - European Energy Innovation - Summer 2016 publication
P. 15

Summer 2016 European Energy Innovation     15


Traffic Management, and Clean Sky           CO2 STANDARD FOR AIRCRAFT                  number of our key partners to invite
for the development of breakthrough         In February, an agreement was              them to support us.
technologies to significantly increase the  reached within ICAO to set the first-
environmental performance of aircrafts.     ever global CO2 standard for aircraft.     As European Transport Commissioner,
                                            European experts played a central          pushing the EU’s decarbonisation
Aviation is international by nature, and    role in brokering this deal – as had       agenda forwards is one of my first
the decarbonisation efforts must be         already been the case at the COP21 in      priorities. Climate change is real, and
pursued globally. That is why the EU is     Paris. The standard aims at setting the    the decisions we take today are going
coordinating actions with other countries   maximum amount of CO2 emissions            to impact our generation and the
and regions in the world. For instance,     that commercial aircrafts are allowed      ones to come, in the EU and beyond.
the comprehensive aviation agreements,      to release per kilometre, for both new     Aviation is a global business therefore
which the Commission negotiates on          and in-production aircraft, which will be  we need global solutions. I therefore
behalf of the entire European Union,        reviewed over time. By 2040, it could      invite all parties to come on-board. l
allow us to promote green policies as       save up to 650 million tons of CO2
part of the negotiations. The European      emissions. The technical deal now has
Commission has already concluded            to be formally endorsed by the ICAO
eight such agreements, seven more are       General Assembly this autumn. Once
still being negotiated and, as part of the  done, this would be an important step
Aviation Strategy for Europe, we want       towards our sustainability objective. It
to negotiate new ones with important        will also create further momentum for
aviation partners, such as China, Turkey,   the work on the GMBM.
the Gulf Region, ASEAN, Mexico and
Armenia.                                    GLOBAL MARKET-BASED
However, only through a global and          The objective of the GMBM is to set up
legally-binding agreement can we            a global mandatory system which can
address the sustainability challenged       offset CO2 emissions from international
posed by aviation. Last December in         aviation and enable carbon neutral
Paris the European Union fought until       growth as of 2020. The EU has already
the last moment to include international    put in place a domestic market-based
aviation in the scope of the COP21          mechanism, the Emissions Trading
deal. Despite all our efforts this did      System. However, a global system is
not succeed, but with 191 Member            the only way to effectively decarbonise
States, ICAO is now the right forum to      the sector. In 2013, the ICAO Assembly
make this possible. The EU is currently     committed to develop a GMBM
working closely with ICAO on two            by 2016. Discussions are ongoing
global measures: the development of         within ICAO and the Commission is
a global CO2 standard for aircraft, and     pushing for an ambitious outcome at
the creation of a Global Market-Based       the General Assembly this autumn.
Mechanism (GMBM).                           Throughout 2016, I will be meeting a
   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20