Page 19 - European Energy Innovation - Summer 2015 publication
P. 19
Summer 2015 European Energy Innovation 19


All new cars electric as of 2035
is going to require some effort

ECN study reveals necessary
steps for low-emission
transport sector

PETTEN – In 2050, all private Electric cars should be able to charge everywhere in Europe without difficulty as of 2035
cars in Europe will have electric
motors powered by batteries Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) into account in the construction of
or hydrogen fuel cells. But has specifically investigated new buildings.
how can countries ensure that what a large-scale roll-out
there will be enough charging of battery-powered electric In order to prevent the electricity
stations? How can they make cars would require. “We need grid potentially becoming
certain that electricity grids infrastructure that enables cars to overloaded during peak moments,
will not become overloaded? charge anywhere in Europe. The charging must be carefully thought
And that hydrogen fuel stations electricity grid has to be capable out and staggered. Charging must
will be available? In order to of supporting this, people have to also be interoperable – in other
get all Europeans to switch to want to purchase an electric car words, all plugs, payment systems
zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs), and policymakers have to pursue and other necessities must be
policy-makers at the local, common objectives,” say Hilke standard throughout Europe.
national and European levels Rösler and Hein de Wilde of ECN.
still have to push hard and, By continuing to progressively
above all, cooperate. To make this transition possible, lower the maximum permissible
a number of top priorities have CO2 emissions per kilometre,
The EU aims for a 60 percent been identified. Because not the EU will force the automotive
reduction in CO2 emissions everyone can charge in their industry to innovate in the
for the entire transport sector, own garage or parking spot, a coming years. ECN can use its
which will cause a revolution public charging infrastructure expertise to support authorities
in the automotive world in the is needed. However, utilisation at the local, national and
coming decades. Combustion of this infrastructure is not yet European levels. Rösler and De
engines and petrol stations will be cost-effective. Subsidies may Wilde: “Our expertise lies in the
replaced by batteries, fuel cells, convince early investors. In development of well-balanced
charging points and hydrogen addition, smart locations must policy frameworks that facilitate
fuel stations. As a result of the be found, such as petrol stations the transition to electric cars
strict reduction requirements, or shopping centres, where at the lowest cost and support
private cars and vans will have services can be combined to cooperation between all parties
to run on sustainably-generated assist the development of the involved.” l
electricity and hydrogen. Only business cases. Furthermore,
the emissions of long haul trucks, as of now some level of
aircraft, ships and trains will installation readiness for charging
remain, since these vehicles will infrastructure should be taken
still partially use fossil fuels. Since
it will take about 15 years for the
entire fleet to be replaced, from
2035 only new electric cars will
be sold.

In the European Green eMotion
project, the Energy research
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