Page 55 - European Energy Innovation - Spring 2015 publication
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Spring 2015 European Energy Innovation 55


way for commercial deployment proper coordination between any cross-border carbon dioxide
post-2020 of carbon capture and Member States is paramount infrastructure projects; it is
storage plants. to kick off the European wide expected that the development
infrastructures as long as CCS is of common carbon dioxide
Bringing costs down in the not commercially demonstrated. infrastructure projects will be
CCS chain (CO2 capture - CO2 A cross border transport addressed in the upcoming
transport - CO2 storage) and infrastructure is hence necessary years until 2020 and beyond. In
securing a business case in to efficiently connect CO2 sources this respect, it is of paramount
Europe, which is based on the to sinks. This is reflected in the importance to address both
carbon price, remains still a inclusion of the CO2 transport the technical and economic
challenge. Even while carbon infrastructure in the Regulation challenges linked to the feasibility
price is not at a sufficient 347/2013 “Guidelines for trans- of (cross border) CO2 transport
level, there is still a need to European energy infrastructure” infrastructure as well as the
demonstrate and further develop (TEN-E Guidelines)3. Under the associated legal, regulatory and
CCS technology, including CCS TEN-E Guidelines, cross border policy implications at EU level.
infrastructure, as well as develop carbon dioxide networks (by
skills and knowledge through the means of transport infrastructure The European Commission
deployment of a limited number between Member States and with is expected to facilitate the
of CCS projects to test whether neighbouring third countries in development of the CO2 cross-
the subsequent deployment and view of the deployment of CCS) border infrastructure network
construction of CO2 infrastructure are a priority thematic area. of trans-European relevance, by
across Europe is feasible. means of the legal framework
The new framework established estabilished under the TEN-E
Development of CO2 with the TEN-E framework Guidelines. There is also the
infrastructure network for the (with measures for improving need to address the legal and
purpose of transporting CO2 infrastructure planning, regulatory sides linked to the
from the point of the capture to accelerating permit granting, transport of captured CO2 which
a storage site, is crucial for the regulatory incentives, and EU is likely to occurr from fossil fuel
development of CCS projects. financial assistance) is envisaged dependent Member States to
to radically improve the areas with high storage potential
While sufficient storage capacity investment framework for trans- (such as the North Sea). Support
exists in Europe not all capacity is European energy infrastructure of Member States to this initiative
accessible or located close to CO2 and therefore contribute to will be crucial to move the
emitters. It can be expected that meeting the challenges related process forward. l
initially CCS projects will most to the 2030 and 2050 energy and
often explore CO2 storage sinks climate policy goals. Under the Author: Beatrice Coda, Policy Officer, Unit
in the vicinity of capture points, TEN-E Guidelines, CO2 transport B1, Internal Market I: Networks and Regional
hence infrastructure will first infrastructure projects can qualify Initiatives, Directorate-General for Energy,
have to be developed at national to become projects of common European Commission
level. Such national infrastructure interest (PCIs) and, under certain
needs will have to be properly conditions, may be eligible for Disclaimer: The views expressed are purely
addressed by Member States, funding under the Connecting those of the writer and may not in any
in order to then advance to Europe Facility4. circumstances be regarded as stating an official
cross-border networks. In view position of the European Commission.
of the long lead times to plan The first PCI list adopted in
and develop infrastructures, a December 2013 did not include

1 A policy framework for climate and energy in the period from 2020 to 2030 (COM/2014/015 final)
2 European Energy Security Strategy (COM/2014/330 final)
3 Regulation on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructures, Regulation (EU) No 347/2013
4 Regulation establishing the Connecting Europe Facility, Regulation (EU) No 1316/2013
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