Page 41 - European Energy Innovation - Autumn 2016 publication
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Autumn 2016 European Energy Innovation      41


each of the five pillars, providing        of cheap energy when available. At          innovative technology rapidly into
an opportunity to cement Europe’s          present, EU regulatory support for          the market, by opening up a wealth
position as leader in innovation and       smart charging and energy storage is        of new possibilities for technology
climate-friendly technology. Below,        lacking and we must carefully consider      and services. In particular, research to
we present our views on how electro-       electric vehicle (EV) owners can            further improve battery performances
mobility and the Energy Union can          participate and reap benefits from our      and reduce cost should be supported
mutually reinforce each other in the       rapidly evolving energy system.             at EU level, but also improving railways’
years ahead.                                                                           energy efficiency. To quicken the arrival
                                           Energy Efficiency                           of this innovation, we will need to
ELECTRO-MOBILITY IN THE ENERGY             Electro-mobility ensures a more             ensure strategic focusing of research
UNION                                      efficient use of energy as compared         and investment tools at the EU’s
Security of Supply                         with fuel-based solutions (from             disposal, shining a light on the exciting
In 2014, the EU relied on imports          electric rail and public transport to       possibilities for electro-mobility,
for 88% of its crude oil supply and        electric vehicles which are three           including in particular energy storage,
studies have shown that our energy         times more efficient than combustion        light electric vehicles and electric
dependency has only increased. In          cars), and therefore makes transport        buses.
2015, a year of historically low oil       as a whole more energy efficient. In
prices, total spending on crude oil        addition, EVs are expected to make          In summing the benefits brought by
imports in the EU was €187 billion         an important contribution to the use        electro-mobility to each of the Energy
(equivalent to 1.3% of EU GDP, or €368     and the optimisation of renewable           Union Strategy pillars, it is clear that a
per capita). Adding estimates for diesel   energy sources, with their ability to       powerful case can be made to realise
imports yields a total of around €215      provide flexible energy storage. Seizing    such a vision through European policy-
bn, equivalent to €425 per capita.         these benefits will be a key driver in      making. The Platform for Electro-
Today, Russia accounts for 30% of          supporting Member States to achieve         mobility urges EU decision-makers to
our oil imports, while geopolitically      energy and climate goals.                   continue and strengthen their support
instable regions such as Nigeria and                                                   for a sustainable transport system in
sub-Saharan Africa represent 16%           Climate Action                              Europe. l
of our imports. A further 15% came         While half of the European power mix
from the Middle East. Reducing             is decarbonised today, this share is          Contact detials:
such dependency requires the swift         expected to grow to three-quarters by         Website:
electrification of transport, which would  2030. Any shift from oil to electricity in
help the EU provide energy security by     the transport sector would therefore          Tel: +32 (0)2 894 46 68 (ECOS)
minimising our reliance on imported        substantially reduce our overall CO2          Email:
fossil fuels.                              emissions and help the transport sector
                                           to meet European climate targets. As          (ECOS)
A fully integrated internal energy         organisations such as the IEA have
market                                     indicated, at least three out of every
Electro-mobility is the bridge between     four cars sold will need to be full EVs
the power and transport sectors,           or plug-in hybrids by 2050, for the
providing new sources of flexibility       transport sector to be able to support
to the energy system. Harnessing this      meeting the 1.5°C target agreed at
flexibility will be an important factor    COP21.
in achieving a smart and cost-efficient
energy system in the EU, which allows      Research and Innovation
participants to make the best use          Electrification of transport will bring
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