Page 12 - European Energy Innovation - Autumn 2014
P. 12
Autumn 2014 European Energy Innovation


The role of LNG in the directive
on the deployment of alternative
fuels infrastructure

By Mr José Fernandez Garcia, Policy Officer, Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport,
European Commission

Europe relies heavily (2) encouraging greener and Energy savings, low emissions,
on imported oil for its more sustainable urban transport, better air quality, reduced
mobility and transport. (3) making the best possible use congestion and technological
The share of oil-based of intelligent transport systems, leadership can all go hand in
fuels in transport energy demand (4) encouraging the use of a hand; and alternative fuels,
stands at around 94%. We spend combination of different modes together with increased transport
up to 1 billion euros per day of transport (multimodality) efficiency, are an indispensable
on oil imports and burn more (5) investing in research and tool.
than half of it in our vehicles, innovation as well as (6) a
aircrafts and vessels. This equals charging policy. In early 2013, the European
approximately 2.5% of GDP Commission adopted a package
and 7% of average household INTRODUCING ALTERNATIVE entitled “Clean Power for
expenditures.1 FUELS Transport”. The cornerstone of
The transport sector has a high the package is a proposal for a
The EU’s strategy to reduce the oil priority for the introduction of Directive on the deployment of
dependency of transport builds alternative fuels substituting oil alternative fuels infrastructure
on a number of complementary based products, as motorised which addresses the currently
initiatives, including (1) the transport highly depends on oil missing link to reach a sustainable
introduction of alternative fuels, as an energy source and fuel at transport sector: putting in place
present. The 2011 White Paper on a standardized recharging and
Transport specifically requested refuelling infrastructure to allow
a sustainable alternative fuels EU-wide mobility with alternative
strategy including also the fuel vehicles.
appropriate infrastructure.
Following this request, the EU Member States will have
Commission has set out a series of to take measures so that the
measures to reduce greenhouse Directive can start taking
gas emissions and consumption effect from 2020. The Directive
of transport fuels, including an mandates the build-up of
alternative fuels strategy. infrastructure for the alternative
fuels that are most promising in
The objectives of introducing reducing both oil dependence
alternative fuels in the EU are and emissions: electricity, natural
primarily: gas and hydrogen.

• Improvement in security of Natural gas is a mature and
energy supply by source readily available technology
diversification and oil for both road and waterborne
substitution; applications. There are a number
of cars and vans available on the
• Reduction of greenhouse gas market right now and it is the
emissions on the grounds of most promising alternative fuel
climate change concerns. for trucks, as well as maritime and
   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17